4.8 Extras

4.8.1 Stereo

Activates the stereo-view. The preset is anaglyphic view, in this case you will need red-cyan-glasses (or red-green, though red-cyan will give better results).

It is difficult to actually work in stereo, as the mousepointer itself is not an object in the 3D-scene. Thus the stereo-view is meant rather for viewing than for creating a scene.

4.8.2 Stereo-mode

Anaglyphic view
The scene is split into two scenes using red and cyan.
For quadro-cards that support stereo in hardware.
Separated horizontally:
The two images for the two eyes are displayed beneath each other on the screen.
Separated vertically:
The two images appear above each other on the screen.

4.8.3 Projection

Here you can switch between parallel and central projection (the default). In both modes the option ’2d’ can also be chosen. In this mode, the view will be normalized onto the xy-plane. In combination with parallel-projection, the 2d-mode is like using a 2d dynamic geometry software.

In case you would like to use the coordinate-system but hide the z-axis you can set the values zMax and zMin to 100 in the ’extras - settings - sizes’ dialogue. When changing to 2D-mode you will be asked if this setting should be applied automatically.

4.8.4 Import / Export

Write construction as graph:
Writes the construction in VCG-format. You can display this file with VCG-Graph, the graph shows in which way the objects depend on each other. See http://rw4.cs.uni-sb.de/users/sander/html/gsvcg1.html for an explanation and download.
CAS Export
Writes the constructions to a textfile which is readable for computer algebra systems. At the time being no working import-routines exist on the CAS-side.
Construction description:
As the name suggests this menu gives you a complete description of the current construction.
Construction protocol:
This gives a complete protocol on how the construction was made. Here - in contrast to the construction description - deletions and undos are visible, too. For each action a timestamp is included, which makes this function valuable for teachers and researchers.
Import mathematica polygons:
Imports polygon-objects from Mathematica-files.
Approximate locus surface through polynomial:
For a given locus surface this computes a polynomial to fit the surface. You will have to enter the degree of the polynomial first. In case the achieved exactness is less than 10-6 one can assume that the surface really is of the given degree.

While this function can be called for locus-lines, too, the results are nonsensical. If you have a curve in the xy-plane and want to compute its equation you can construct the normal through the point on the curve to the xy-plane, trace this normal to get a locus surface and compute the equation of this surface.

4.8.5 Optimize

This function optimizes the scenes representation internally. As this can lead to problems when continuing to work on the scene you should save befor optimizing.

This function is only useful for very large constructions that cannot be rotated fluently anymore.

4.8.6 Slider

Generates a new slider. Sliders have the following features:

Thus sliders are ideally suited for adjusting parameters.

In the sliders context-menu you can edit the possible values of the slider. If the slider drives a locus, the domain of the locus can be automatically adjusted to the range of the slider. Choose ’automatically adjust to circle or slider’ in the locus’ properties-dialog. Thus it is very easy to edit the domain of a heightfield if you construct it using a slider.

Example: Choose ’Typical tasks - co-ordinate axes’. Generate two sliders and name them x and y. Enter an expression e1*x+e2*y+e3*(x*y). Generate a point from this expression and then select x, y and the generated point. Press Alt-o. You get the graph of the heightfield z = x y.

Check ’automatically adjust to circles and sliders’ for x and y in the locus’ properties-dialogue.

In case you change the range of one of the sliders the locus will change in real time.

4.8.7 Light

Generates a light-object in the origin. Besides being a light, this object behaves like a point: It can be moved, used in animations and be attached to objects.

4.8.8 Shadow

To create a shadow, select a light, arbitrary other objects and the object the shadow should be cast on as the last object. Pressing ’shadow’ then generates a projective shadow.

4.8.9 Activate shadows globally

This command activates a shadowing-algorithm for the whole scene. It works best under windows where I implemented a workaround against self-shadowing artifacts. Choose ’ShadowMap’ as your shadowing algorithm.

To turn of the global shadows you will have to restart the program.

4.8.10 New Animation

A point and a two-dimensional object (line, segment, circle) must be selected. After selecting the menu a dialogue appears that lets you adjust the start- and endpoint of the animation and the step size.

You can get the start- and endpoint by adjusting the point in the construction and then pressing the button ’Get value from construction’.

4.8.11 Start / stop animations

Starts or stops all animations defined in the construction, see ’New animation’, too.

4.8.12 Fly around

Opens the current construction (without co-ordinate system) in an external viewer. Here you can fly around in the construction in fullscreen. Press ’h’ for help. The viewer is part of the OpenSceneGraph-library, see http://www.openscenegraph.org.

4.8.13 Convert hidden objects to auxiliary objects

By selecting this menu all hidden objects are redefined to be auxiliary objects. This is useful for macros where the object-tree should not be bloated with objects when using the macro.

4.8.14 Group objects

A group-object containing the selected objects is generated. This will give you the following possibilities:

4.8.15 Make selected objects blink

If you check this item, the currently selected objects will blink. While this can be useful in fullscreen-mode, I personally do not like this setting.

When constructing an object with ’New object’, this mode is automatically selected temporarily.

4.8.16 Lock selected objects into position

When dealing with non-dynamic constructions it can be desirable to lock basepoints into position. This command does this for all selected points. All selected objects that are not points will be ignored.

Note that locking into position has an effect only for free points. Constructed or half-free points will still bepositioned depending on their parents.

4.8.17 Choose language

As the name says. Changes will take effect after restarting the program. The default is the language of the underlying operating system. At the time being only German and English are available. The program itself (excluding the documentation) has been translated to French and Traditional Chinese, too. The chinese version will work on a chinese windows only.

4.8.18 Settings

Here various settings for Archimedes Geo3D can be adjusted. These are saved together with the construction. If you want those settings to be used as presets, press ’Use as preset’.

The paths for file-actions can be set here. It makes sense to have separate directories for models, textures and constructions, which can be set here.

While running Archimedes the directory that was used last will be taken as the current setting. If you want those directorys to function as presets, press ’use as preset’.

You can enter colors for all objects that will be used when constructing a new object of that type. A color consists of four values: The values for red, green and blue and the alpha-value. Alpha = 0 means that the object is completely transparent (and thus invisible, but still pickable), apha = 1 gives a completely solid object.
A size for all objects can be entered which will be used when constructing new objects. For linear objects (lines, segments, vectors, circles and locus-lines) this is the thickness of the objects. For planes this number determines how big a part of the (infinite) plane should be displayed. Possible values are floating-point numbers between 0 and infinity.

The values xMin, xMax, yMin, yMax, zMin and zMax specify the range of the co-ordinate system.

Settings for the appearance of Archimedes Geo3D.

Show co-ordinate system:
If checked, the xyz-co-ordinate system will be shown.
Show list:
If checked, the list containing all objects names (that can be used to select objects, too) will be visible.

Since version 1.1, the object-list has been hidden by default, as it has been replaced by the object-tree. In case you rather want to work with the object-list (because you are used to it, for instance), you can show it here (or hide it when it shows up in a construction that was made with an older version).

Show buttons:

The buttons stem from the very beginning of Archiemedes Geo3D:


Here all constructions can be selected. Note that you get even more information from the buttons than from the symbols: If two lines are selected, the button ’point’ changes to ’intersection-point of two lines’.

In practice the buttons proved to be hard to find because of the abundance of text, thus the toolbar with the symbols.

The buttons ’Color’ and ’Thickness’ are useful if you want to change more than one object at once. Select the objects and then press ’Color’ or change the value of ’Thickness’.

Show point labels:
This setting controls if labels for points should be shown or not.
Background color:
Here you can set the background-color of the screen.
Resets all values to the ones that were used after the installation of Archimedes. If you press ’Use as preset’, too, these settings will be used as presets.